Oretega discussion and reflection on cross linguistic influences. On page 38, Ortega takls about “markedness and L1 transfer” - discuss and explain the concepts in your own words and provide an example of a form more “marked” in L2 (French/Spanish) than L1 and vice versa.
Markedness and transfer represent the diversity and layers of Second Language Acquisition, as it demonstrates that within the SLA process, that their is an accessibility hierarchy. In our growing and diverse world, where learning multiple languages not only provides increasing accessibility and more opportunities, markedness demonstrates that individual perceptions determines how we navigate which languages we wish to learn.This is inevitably influenced by our mother tongues and the primary languages (L1) that we initially learn, and how we tend to seek our languages that may sound or have similar grammar to our primary language. An example we discussed in our groups was the similarities between Dutch and German.